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HISTORY AND CULTURE

Festive, colourful, bright, mysterious, romantic, huge... Seville is all these things and much more. History and culture cross over everywhere, in every streets and avenues. Charm and mystery, delicious gastronomy and a growing leisure offer gathered in a privileged climate throughout the year. It is always a pleasure to rediscover Seville, a city where life is wonderful.

Seville inherited an important historical and cultural Heritage; Seville has been influenced since its origins by several civilisations. Its origin comes from Tartessos era. Away from having re-emerged of its ashes like a roman bloomed city of Hispalis, it was told to be destroyed by the Carthaginian. It became a prominent city during the reign of the Visigoths. It lived its apogee through the Muslim invasion. We built at this time the Cora Al Ándalus and Seville became Empire of Spain during the eleventh century. It was during the almohade era (half of 12th century) when the Isbiliya peaked that we built the Mosque, a mosque whose minaret constitute the city's symbol and its revival's roots. It was crowned by a weathercock turning; it was named the Giralda, the city's pride.

In 1248 it was part of the Corona of Castilla and León, leaded by Fernando III. It was instituted capital of Seville's reign.

In the second part of the middle Ages, thanks to its navigable harbour, the Genovese mercenaries' colonies converted it in a strategic point for the European international trade.

After the Americas Discovery in 1492, Seville became indispensable on the overseas map, Thus it was the economic center of Spain. The Catholic Kings founded the Casa de Contratación, which regulated the relationship with the New World.

In the 16th century, the city suffered lots of transformations and an important cultural melting-pot. This one was favourable for the culture and arts' development. Seville played an essential role in the Golden Age in letters on the one hand and became the main city to understand the Spanish Baroque on the other hand.

The 19th century was important for the industrialization and the Spain road network too. It corresponds to the Romantic era and to its most important representative, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. The architecture peaked, especially the regional one and the iron too. The Triana's bridge, inspired of the Paris Caroussel's bridge and the Nave del Barranco, is the best proof of this last one.

The 20th century was crucial for Seville's international projection development. In 1929, the Latin-American Exposition drew a brand new and modern Seville. Especially the Expo 92, which was considered as the urban development and the germ of the new city's technopolis, named the Cartuja Island.

La Maestranza, Plaza de Toros de Sevilla
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